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Plants of Medicinal Plants Garden of Bengal Safari

Name

Family

Vernacular Name

Medicinal Use

Abroma augusta (L.) L.f.

Malvaceae

Ulat Kambal

Uterine tonic, female veneral disease

Cissus quadrangularis L.

Vitaceae

Harjora

Asthma, bone fractures

Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swing.

Rutaceae

Kamala

Source of Vitamin C

Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntz.

Lamiaceae

Bamunhati

Asthma, cough, inflammation and vermifuge

Clerodendrum infortunatum L.

Lamiaceae

Bhat

Bitter tonic, vermifuge, laxative

Clitoria ternatea L.

Fabaceae

Aparajita

Anti diuretic

Coleus forskohlii (Willd.) Briq.

Fabaceae

Patharchur

Hypertension, expectorant, diuretic

Cheilocostus speciosus (J.Koenig) C.D.Specht

Costaceae

Kemuk/ Keu

Astringent, anthelmintic, febrifuge

Crateva religiosa G.Forst.

Capparaceae

Barun

Urinary complaints

Crinum amoenum Ker Gawl. ex Roxb.

Amaryllidaceae

Nagdaun

Emetic, expectorant, laxative, tonic

Aristolochia indica L.

Aristolochiaceae

Ishwar mul

Cold, fever, abortifacient

Crotalaria prostrata Willd.

Fabaceae

Chhoto Jhunjhune

Scabies, diarrhea

Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.

Hypoxidaceae

Kali Mushli

Piles, asthma

Curcuma amada Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Aam ada

Spice; asthma

Curcuma longa L.

Zingiberaceae

Halud

Spice; stomachic, anti periodic, antiseptic, anti rheumatic

Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe

Zingiberaceae

Jangli sathi

Carminative

Curcuma caesia Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Kalo Halud

Tooth ache, wounds, rheumatism

Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf

Poaceae

Lebu  Ghas/ Gandhali

Anti diarrheal

Datura innoxia Mill.

Solanaceae

Dhutura

Pain, asthma, narcotic

Datura metel L.

Solanaceae

Kalo Dhutura

Pain, dog bites, nerval tonic

Deeringia amaranthoides (Lam.) Merr.

Amaranthaceae

Golamohani

Anticancer

Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC.

Fabaceae

Salporni

Cough, bronchitis, asthma

Canna indica L.

Cannaceae

Sarbajaya

Stomach upset

Codariocalyx motorius (Houtt.) H.Ohashi

Fabaceae

Banchandal

Dysentery

Dioscorea alata L.

Dioscoreaceae

Chupri aalu

Anthelmintic

Docynia indica (Wall.) Decne.

Rosaceae

Mel

Antioxidant, anti bacterial

Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.

Xanthorrhoeaceae

Ghrita Kumari

Burns, skin disease

Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Schult.

Caryophyllaceae

Abhijalo

Swellings, antibacterial

Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott

Dryopteridaceae

Bon Dhekia

Tapeworm, antihelminthic

Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton

Zingiberaceae

Elach

Spice, carminative, diuretic

Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sw.

Athyriaceae

Dhekia

Carminative

Barleria lupulina Lindl.

Acanthaceae

Kanta Bishwalyakarani

Wounds, dysentery

Enydra fluctuans DC.

Asteraceae

Helencha

Leucoderma, laxative

Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) R.M.King & H.Rob.

Asteraceae

Kalo Banmara

Aromatic, cold

Ayapana triplinervis (Vahl) R.M.King & H.Rob.

Asteraceae

Ayapan

Cardiac, dyspepsia

Euphorbia royleana Boiss.

Euphorbiaceae

Thor

Bronchitis

Euphorbia tirucalli L.

Euphorbiaceae

Sij

Leprosy, leucorrhoea, gonorrhea

Artemisia vulgaris L.

Asteraceae

Nagnishinda/ Titepati

Antiseptic, stomachic, cancer

Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr.

Salicaceae

Boichi

Jaundice

Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch.

Salicaceae

Tipa phol

Anti diarrheal, antispasmodic

Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R. Br. ex Schult.

Apocynaceae

Ananta mul

Vomiting, wounds

Hibiscus subdariffa Rottb.

Malvaceae

Tok sak/ Lal mesta

Check vomiting, urinary troubles

Holarrhena pubescens Wall. ex G.Don

Apocynaceae

Kurchi

Piles, skin disease

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.

Oleaceae

Shefali/ Shiuli

Malaria, fever, urinary infection, antibacterial

Boerhavia diffusa L.

Nyctaginaceae

Punarnava

Anemia, leucorrhoea

Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit.

Lamiaceae

Bon Tulsi

Carminative

Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton

Apocynaceae

Antamul/ Dudhi

Sweet, febrifuge, aphrodisiac, diuretic, bleeding gums

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.

Convolvulaceae

Kolmi

Vegetable, good source of minerals

and vitamins

Ipomoea quamoclit L.

Convolvulaceae

Labangalatika

Anthelmintic

Ixora coccinea L.

Rubiaceae

Rangan

Anti pyretic, anti inflammatory

Jatropha curcas L.

Euphorbiaceae

Bharenda/ Jamalgota

Chronic dysentery, urinary discharges

Justicia gendarussa Burm.f.

Acanthaceae

Jagatmadan/ Nil Nishinda

Febrifuge, emetic

Kaempferia galanga L.

Zingiberaceae

Bhuin Champa

Digestive

Kaempferia rotunda L.

Zingiberaceae

Bhuin Champa

Aromatic, carminative, stimulant

Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken

Crassulaceae

Patharkuchi

Stomach trouble, diabetes, cough, cold

Abrus pulchellus Thwait.

Fabaceae

Kuch

Gonorrhea

Nephrolepis auriculata Trim.

Nephrolepidaceae

Pani amla

Diabetes, energetic

Lantana camara L.

Verbenaceae

Caturang

Insecticidal, fungicidal, antimicrobial

Artemisia annua L.

Asteraceae

Mitha Nagnishinda

Anti malarial

Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.

Lamiaceae

Bhut Bhairab

Burns

Lygodium flexuosum (L.) Sw.

Lygodiaceae

Dheki lata

Rheumatism, infectious ulcers

Manihot esculenta Crantz

Euphorbiaceae

Shimul Tarul

Diarrhea

Maranta arundinacea L.

Marantaceae

Arrawroot

Astringent, aphrodisiac

Marsilea minuta L.

Marsileaceae

Shusni

Ophthalmic diuretic, constipating, expectorant,

Febrifuge

Melastoma malabathricum L.

Melastomataceae

Dant rangi

Piles, diarrhoea

Mirabilis jalapa L.

Nyctaginaceae

Sandhyamalati

Urticaris, wounds

Morus alba L.

Moraceae

Tut

Diarrhea, blood dysentery, swelling

Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.

Rutaceae

Kari pata

Burning sensation, dyspepsia

Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack

Rutaceae

Kamini

Dyspepsia, decoction

Naravelia zeylanica (L.) DC.

Ranunculaceae

Chhagalbati

Nasal catarrh, uvula

Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.

Nelumbonaceae

Padma

Anti dysentery

Strobilanthes ciliata Nees

Acanthaceae

Karvi

Stimulant

Ocimum gratissimum L.

Lamiaceae

Ramtulsi

Antiseptic, carminative, aromatic

Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawl.) Haw.

Cactaceae

Phanimanasa

Gonorrhea, whooping cough

Paederia foetida L.

Rubiaceae

Gandal

Digestive, gastric, rheumatic, pain of joints

Pandanus unguifer Hook.f.

Pandanaceae

Kewra

Anti periodic

Euphorbia tithymaloides L.

Euphorbiaceae

Rangchita

Intestinal worms

Phlogacanthus thyrsiformis (Roxb. ex Hardw.) Mabb.

Acanthaceae

Rambasak/ Kalobasak

Cold, cough, bronchitis

Asparagus racemosus Willd.

Asparagaceae

Shatamuli

Appetizing, diuretic, aphrodisiac, laxative, astringent, dysentery, diarrhea and leprosy

Piper longum L.

Piperaceae

Pipul

Cold, cough, asthma, dysentery

Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.

Apiaceae

Thankuni

Digestive, dysentery, heal cuts and wounds

Piper nigrum L.

Piperaceae

Golmorich

Cold, cough, stomachic, dyspepsia, vomiting, diarrhea and antibacterial

Plumbago zeylanica L.

Plumbaginaceae

Chita

Leprosy, infections and digestive problems such as dysentery

Plumeria rubra L.

Apocynaceae

Golakchampa

Cough, constipation, dysentery and haemophilia

Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze

Lamiaceae

Gobura

Carminative, febrifuge and tonic

Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz

Apocynaceae

Swarpagandha

Hypnotic, seductive, snake bite, blood pressure, insomnia, scorpion sting

Rauvolfia tetraphylla L.

Apocynaceae

Gandhanakuli

Adulterant of R. serpentina; skin ailments

Ricinus communis L.

Euphorbiaceae

Reri

Laxative, infected wounds, boils, fevers, headache, skin disease, insecticide

Sansevieria trifasciata Prain

Asparagaceae

Kamal cactus

Sores and stimulant, ringworm and fungal diseases

Scoparia dulcis L.

Plantaginaceae

Mithapata

Piles, diuretic, hyperthermia, cough, sore throat, boils, menorrhigia

Setaria palmifolia (J.Koenig) Stapf

Poaceae

Palm Ghas

Used against rats and used for thepreparation of an alcoholic drink

Sida cordifolia L.

Malvaceae

Swet Berala

Fever, leucorrhoea, gonorrhea, colic, nervous disorders,

ophthalmia, rheumatism

Smilax zeylanica L.

Smilacaceae

Kumarika

Venereal diseases, skin troubles, sores, swellings and abscess

Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam.

Solanaceae

Titbegum

Digestive, carminative, appetizer, stomachic, febrifuge, expectorant, laxative, stimulant, diuretic, dental caries, inflammation

Acmella paniculata (Wall. ex DC.) R.K.Jansen

Compositae

Piraj

Ant dysenteric, scabies

Spilanthes acmella (L.) L.

Compositae

Piraj

Toothache and infections of throat and gums

Stachytarpheta indica (L.) Vahl

Verbenaceae

Karyartharani

Intestinal worms, venereal diseases, ulcers, dropsy and stomach ailments

Stephania hernandiifolia (Willd.) Walp.

Menispermaceae

Chhoto Bhuinkumra

Jaundice, diabetes, fever, astringent, dyspepsia, diarrhea, piles, urinary discharge

Stevia rebaudiana (Bert.) Bert.

Asteraceae

Modhuparni

Sweetening agent

Barleria cristata L.

Acanthaceae

Sada Janti

Toothache, cough, fever

Tinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merr.

Menispermaceae

Gulancha

Ear pain, infection, fever, jaundice, vomiting, skin disease, piles

Uraria lagopodoides (L.) DC.

Fabaceae

Chakulia

Cough, fever

Urena lobata L.

Malvaceae

Banokri

Expectorant, infusion, diuretic

Vallaris solanacea (Roth) Kuntze

Apocynaceae

Swetrangani

Sinus, ulcer

Abrus precatorius L.

Fabaceae

Lalkuch

Carminative, aromatic, stimulant tonic

Vitex negundo L.

Lamiaceae

Nishinda

Toothache, asthma, bronchitis, tonic, rheumatism, antidote to venom and scorpion sting, fever, febrifuge, enlargement of spleen

Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd.

Zingiberaceae

Kulanjan

Anti diabetic

Sphagneticola calendulacea (L.) Pruski

Asteraceae

Bhringaraj

Anti-dysenteric

Wrightia arborea (Dennst.) Mabb.

Apocynaceae

Khira

Fever, stomach aches, skin diseases

Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Roscoe ex Sm.

Zingiberaceae

Mahabari

Used for Cough, Asthma, Worms, Leprosy

Zingiber montanum (J.Koenig) Link ex A.Dietr.

Zingiberaceae

Mitha aada

Anti-diarrhea, antispasmodic

Oldenlandia corymbosa L.

Rubiaceae

Khet Papra

Febrifuge, digestive, stomachic, anthelmintic, diuretic, expectorant and liver tonic

Bauhinia purpurea L.

Fabaceae

Kanchan

Carminative, laxative and anthelmintic.

Justicia adhatoda L.

Acanthaceae

Basak

Cough, fever, bronchitis and bronchial asthma

Portulaca oleracea L.

Portulacaceae

Baroloniya

Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anthelminthic

Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr.

Fabaceae

Jayanti

Stimulant, astringent, diarrhea and spleen enlargement

Docynia indica (Wall.) Decne.

Rosaceae

Mel

Antioxidant, antibacterial

Argemone mexicana L.

Papaveraceae

Shiyalkanta

Diuretic, anodyne, antipyretic, ophthalmic, stomachic and sedative, leprosy, skin diseases, constipation, colic

Ageratum conyzoides (L.) L.

Asteraceae

Uchunti

Nasal instillation

Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.

Fabaceae

Sarphomika

Digestive, laxative, diuretic, uterine tonic, antipyretic

Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck

Rutaceae

Gandharaj lebu

Thermogenic, digestive, carminative, stomachic, laxative, anthelmintic

Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst.

Plantaginaceae

Brahmbhi

Sweet, cooling, laxative, intellect promoting, carminative, diuretic, epilepsy, asthma, bronchitis, skin diseases, leprosy, leucoderma

Calotropis gigantea (L.) Dryand.

Apocynaceae

Akanda

Sores, swellings, pain

Tephrosia candida (Roxb.) DC.

Fabaceae

Bangara

Piscicide and insecticide

Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. ex Sm.

Apocynaceae

Gurmar

Anti diabetic, digestive, liver tonic, diuretic, stomachic,

asthma, bronchitis, intermittent fever

Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.

Fabaceae

Arhar

Sweet, diuretic, laxative, oral ulcers, anthelmintic, febrifuge and expectorant

Zingiber officinale Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Ada

Cough and cold, pain, vomiting, asthma, abdominal trouble, headache

Oxalis corniculata  L.

Oxalidaceae

Amruli

Dysentery, diarrhea, appetite, piles, asthma, skin disease

Ocimum basilicum L.

Lamiaceae

Babui tulsi

Cold and cough, carminative, diuretic, stimulant, demulsion, gonorrhoea, dysentery

Mimosa pudica L.

Fabaceae

Lajjabati

Toothache, leprosy, dysentery, vaginal and uterine complaints, inflammation, burning sensation, leucoderma, fatigue, jaundice, leprosy, ulcers, small pox, piles

Leucas indica (L.) R. Br.ex Vatke

Lamiaceae

Dandakalas

Rheumatism, headache, cough and cold, carminative, digestive, antipyretic, antibacterial, colic, ulcers

Houttuynia cordata Thunberg.

Fabaceae

Anstane

Stomach disorder, irregular menstruation, ophthalmic, poultice, hemorrhoids

Abrus precatorius L.

Fabaceae

Lal kuch

Carminative, aromatic, stimulant tonic

Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees

Acanthaceae

Kalmegh

Liver tonic, Common cold

Drimia indica (Roxb.)Jessop

Hyacinthaceae

Indian Sudew

Cardiac stimulant, asthma, dropsy

Curculigo recurvata

Hypoxidaceae

Dhotisara

Piles, asthma

Cereus pterogonus Lem.

Cactaceae

Cereus

Cardiac stimulant

Euphorbia hirta L.

Euphorbiaceae

Pusidudh

Warts, gonorrhea, dysentery, cough and cold, diarrhea, ringworms, fungal skin diseases, bronchial asthma, improves mother’s milk

Gloriosa superba L.

Liliaceae

Ulatchandal

Asthma, cancer, malaria, gonorrhea, purgative, stomachic, promote labour pain, leprosy, colic, piles, skin diseases, chronic ulcers, diuretic, jaundice, rheumatism

Heliotropium indicum L.

Boraginaceae

Hatishunr

Ringworms, pregnancy related anemia, rheumatism, typhoid, cough and cold, skin diseases, bronchial infections

Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet

Malvaceae

Petari

Piles, laxative, diuretic, analgesic

Acorus calamus L.

Acoraceae

Boch

Antipyretic, Epilepsy, diarrhea

Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine

Acanthaceae

Kulekhara

Anaemia, sleepless, stone in kidney, stop bleeding, dropsy, gonorrhea, tubercular fistula, swelling,

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